Shyama Prasad Mukherhee 

Early Life and Background

Shyama Prasad was a famous politician of India, academician eminent barrister, a nimble and an emphatic driving force. He was born in a Bengali family on 6th July 1901 with reputation in his bloodlines. His father Ashutosh Mukherjee was a renowned lawyer in the Calcutta High Court and was highly respected in the Bengali society. Shyama Prasad’s mother was also highly educated and was a scholar in those times.

Academic Career

His passion for education was immense and at the age of 23 he acquired his degree for bachelors of law. In the year 1926 he went to practice at Lincoln’s Inn and was called to English Bar owing to his brilliance as a barrister, just two years after the completion of his law degree.

Professional Achievements

·         At an early age of 33, he acquired the post of Vice-Chancellor in the University of Calcutta and he was the youngest ever to hold this position.

·         In 1929 Mukherjee joined Bengal Legislative Council as the dangerous political situation in Bengal forced him to enter politics. The very next year he quit as there were political disagreements. This was when he decided to fight as an independent contestant, which he won easily and under the agies of Fazlul Haque’s coalition government joined the state legislature.

·         He resigned in 1942, owing to difference of opinion and became an active president of Bengal’s Hindu Mahasabha in Bengal and soon got elected as a president for the same.  This was his introduction to Hindutva politics that shaped the events in a major way later on.

·         Mukherjee strongly asked for the Bengal partition in the year 1946 to avert the insertion of its Hindu-majority districts in a Muslim subjugated East Pakistan. A meeting took place in 1947 and Tarakeswar gave him the liberty to take steps and proceed for the partition of Bengal.

·         He also wrote to Lord Mountbatten asking for the partition of Bengal who paid no heed to this. For this reason Mukherjee left Indian National Congressand parted with the ruling prime minister Dr Jawaharlal Nehru then. He founded another party called the Janata Party which later on became the Bharatiya Janata Party.


Shyama Prasad Mukherjee Influence on Current Events

Our Former prime minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee believed that the ideological inclinations of the present day BJP are owed to Shyama Prasad Mukherjee among few others. He also unveiled the secret that Jawaharlal Nehru never wanted him to return to politics as he was a great threat to his party.

Shyama Prasad Mukherjee was strongly against Article 370 and believed that when Jammu Kashmir was a part of the country why it was given a special status. His dream has been fulfilled by our current prime minister Modi by scrapping Article 370.

Death Of Shyama Prasad Mukherjee

Shyama Prasad Mukherjee died in 1951after being arrested  by the Jammu and Kashmir police as he entered the state without any permit. Under mysterious circumstances he passed away in jail and was diagnosed heart attack.  


To wrap it we can say that Shyama Prasad Mukhrejee born in Calcutta nearly 119 years ago played an active role in the post independence days and had played a controversial role in the Government. The fate of Bengal and India would have been different had he been allowed to live.


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